English immigrants began in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, when they became native to South Carolina, the area as we know it. The area, as it is called today, started as a small town of about 1,000 inhabitants when it was first settled.
On January 1, 1800, the region became known as Sumter District, named after the esteemed General ThomasSumter. General Sumters was a key figure in the Civil War in South Carolina during the war, and the name of the city was changed to Sumster to honor him and his wife Mary.
U.S. Army Major Robert Anderson moved to Fort Sumter on April 10, 1864, hoping to stop a militia attack from South Carolina. When the first US ship arrived on April 11, Major Anderson received a visit from General P.G.T. Beauregard, commander of the Confederate Army, who again demanded surrender. While Anderson was advising, he ultimately refused, and Chesnut Lee Chisolm reported Anderson's response to the Army and returned to Fort Johnson. He later fought for the Cherokee and served as a colonel in the Union Army under General Robert E. Lee and later as an officer in the Army of North Carolina under General William Tecumseh Sherman.
By the time Lincoln was inaugurated in March 1861, six other states had joined South Carolina and seceded from the Union. In April, Major Anderson's pleas to leave Fort Sumter were repeatedly ignored by General Beauregard and his subordinates.
At the same time, the governors of Massachusetts, New York and Pennsylvania quietly began to buy weapons and train militia units. When America went to war in the following years, the reconstruction was carried out to make Fort Sumter ready for battle. A second Fort Moultrie occupied almost the same place, while war clouds over Europe exposed America to numerous threats. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman, commander of the U.S. Army in South Carolina, led the effort to establish a headquarters in Sumters.
Sumter's strong economic and cultural base has contributed to the city's growth as a tourist destination and its reputation as one of South Carolina's leading tourist destinations. Although the Downtown Sumter Revitalization Committee appointed a downtown manager in 1997, financed a performing arts program, and improved parking, landscaping, and facade construction, his efforts proved ineffective.
With the railroad and its central location, the Confederate army turned Sumter into a distribution center for military supplies. Industry grew as a result, starting with the construction of the first railroad line from Charleston, South Carolina, to the city in 1864.
During the reconstruction of the fortress in the 1870s, the larger guns were further apart and powder magazines were built closer to the guns underground. During the First World War, rifles were mounted and anti-aircraft guns installed, but the fort never saw combat again.
The Confederacy held onto Fort Sumter until it finally handed it over to the federal army in February 1865. Union Major Robert Anderson evacuated the fort in April 1865 and occupied it with the help of his troops for the rest of the war.
First known as Carolina Backcountry, the area was renamed Craven County and then Claremont County and soon developed into an agricultural community. Japanese irises, while they also planted the grounds around the houses with them. At the end of the 19th century, what is now the north side of West Liberty Street was developed as a residential area with a mixture of residential buildings, shops, schools, churches and public buildings.
Claremont County was founded in 1785 as part of the Camden District, but later split off in 1791 and merged into Salem County. Clarendon was again divided in 1857, and a small part, Sumter County, formed Lee County in 1902. When the South Carolina Legislature established the Sumters District in 1800, it built the Sumsterville Crossing Village as a courthouse and headquarters. The Sumter District regulated the region by building new settlements in the Wateree River area and founded Sumter on January 1, 1800.
Sumter School Districts 2 and 17 have been merged into the newly consolidated Sumter School District, the first of its kind in South Carolina.
Sumter is the center and home of the Sumter Regional Transit Authority, South Carolina's largest public transportation system. The authority was created in 2012 after SCANA returned ownership of public transport and transport to the City of Sumters. Sumster is a major hub for South Carolinians in the state's largest city and the second largest in North Carolina after Charleston.
There are many award-winning private institutions in the area, including the University of South Carolina, Sumter College, College of Arts and Sciences and Sumters Community College. It is also home to a number of local businesses and businesses in the area, including the American Museum of Natural History, Columbia University, SCANA Corporation, North Carolina A & M University and Sumster University.